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Lower Back | Lumbar & Sacrum

The middle part of your spine is the least vulnerable of all the spinal column. But when you feel pain in the thoracic spine, the consequences can be devastating. Pain and curvature symptoms are the most noticeable issues of the thoracic spine. At the first sign of these symptoms, visit NU-Spine: The Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Institute in Edison, NJ. Founder and lead spine surgeon Dr. Branko Skovrlj gets you out of back pain by addressing your spinal disorders. Call today for an appointment.

What’s the Lumbar Spine?

The vertebrae labeled L1 through L5 make up the lumbar region of your spine. They’re located from your hips up to the bottom of your ribcage. This area of your spine is known for:

  • These vertebrae are larger than those in the cervical and thoracic spine.
  • They support most of the weight from the upper parts of your body.
  • Round, rubbery pads, called discs, sit between the lower back bones and act as shock absorbers so you can move freely without bones rubbing against each other.

The spine is connected to your hip bones by the sacrum, which is considered part of the lumbar, or lower back area. The five vertebrae in the sacrum are fused together. With the hip bones, they form what’s called the pelvic girdle. Because the lumbar spine is the workhorse of your back, it’s prone to injury more often than the spinal structures. Risk factors for lumbar spine disorders include:

  • Age
  • Weight
  • Level of fitness
  • Lifestyle habits like smoking
  • Genetics and birth defects
  • Type of occupation
  • Psychological factors

What Kinds of Problems Cause Lower Back Pain?

General back pain and specific lower back pain may come on suddenly. This acute pain usually responds well to conservative treatments like rest and pain relievers. Chronic low back pain, however, ranges from annoying to debilitating. Conditions that, left untreated, lead to chronic low back pain typically include:

Lower back treatment with minimally invasive spine surgery is reliable, quick and effective when performed by a leading expert in the field. Contact NU-Spine: The Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Institute to find out how you can get rid of low back pain for good.

This page was published on Mar 27, 2020, modified on Jul 9, 2021 by Dr. Branko Skovrlj (Neurosurgeon / Spine surgeon) of NU-Spine: The Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Institute in New Jersey

The information on this website is to provide a general information. In no way does any of the information provided reflect a definitive treatment advice. It is important to consult a best in class neurosurgeon in NJ regarding ANY questions or issues. A thorough evaluation should ALWAYS be performed for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Be sure to call your local spine surgeon or Dr. Branko Skovrlj of spine center New Jersey, to schedule a consultation.

Lower Back Lumbar & Sacrum


  • Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Lumbar Degenerative Joint Disease
  • Lumbar Herniated Disc
  • Lumbar Slipped Disc
  • Lumbar Muscle Spasm
  • Lumbar Radiculopathy
  • Lumbar Sprain
  • Lumbar Stenosis
  • Sacroiliac Joint Disease
  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
  • Spondylolisthesis


  • Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy
  • Endoscopic Lumbar Foraminotomy
  • Endoscopic Rhizotomy
  • Hemilaminectomy
  • Laminectomy
  • Microdiscectomy
  • Minimally Invasive TLIF
  • Open Lumbar Decompression and Fusion
  • X-LIF Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion
  • Sacroiliac Fusion


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